Land stays static whereas inhabitants will increase. In Africa, land is turning into infertile, whereas desertification and results of worldwide warming threatens the continent. The continent’s uncooked supplies are dwindling. The place would Africa flip for options?
For a few years, the rising impartial states noticed agriculture to be the continent’s improvement magic. They had been unable to see that it was additionally doable for agriculture to be Africa’s curse. They must purchase agricultural equipment, fertilizers, and animal medicine from the developed world and sells their produce to the developed world at a throw away worth.
It’s now even worse as a result of land is turning into an explosive supply of conflicts that threaten to tear African international locations aside. The identical land has turn into infertile and there may be menace of desertification.
Resulting from international warming, farming has turn into unpredictable exercise. There may be both lengthy dry interval or an excessive amount of rain. Pumping cash into agriculture is a really probably supply of frustrations for peasant farmers who makes up massive a part of Africa’s populations.
African international locations have additionally for alongside time relied on export of uncooked supplies. The income they earned from the uncooked supplies has not helped a lot and they’re dwindling. Africa has been a supply for diamonds, gold, copper, oil and different minerals for the developed world. Africa’s reply for its improvement aspirations lies in expertise. The truth that Africa inhabitants is growing whereas land isn’t imply that different individuals must work elsewhere to earn a livelihood. And the educated youth’s hope is in expertise.
Africa additionally confronted with dwindling useful resource base can’t afford to be wasteful. Expertise that would cut back waste and improve recycling effort ought to be embraced by all African international locations. African international locations want expertise so as to add worth to their assets earlier than exporting.
The majority of world commerce at the moment is expertise based mostly. Africa and its rising youthful and educated inhabitants can’t afford to be left behind because the world grapples for a share of income from the expertise commerce. Quoting Allan Ngugi’s article revealed within the Day by day Nation of March 12, 2008 entitled, “We ought to be considering industries,” President Museveni throughout an East African Legislative meeting session mentioned. “Many individuals in East Africa nonetheless rely upon Agriculture reasonably than being in trade and providers. East Africa can’t present sufficient jobs for the growing educated inhabitants. We will not earn sufficient overseas foreign money as we might (with industrial manufacturing) and we will not gather sufficient taxes.”
Expertise won’t solely create jobs however will assist Africa’s international locations deal with issues led to by desertification and international warming.