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Thu. Nov 30th, 2023

Emperor Kangxi rewarded those that reclaimed wastelands, supplied massive sums of cash for water conservancy initiatives and lowered the land taxation throughout his 60-year’s reign, which drastically stimulated the restoration and improvement in agriculture of the Qing dynasty (1644-1911). Emperor Yongzheng adopted his father’ (Emperor Kangxi) footsteps and continued to encourage agricultural trade. The social financial system was very affluent through the reign of Emperor Qianlong, so the later historians known as this era “The Golden Age of Three Emperors”.

Giant wasteland was put below the plough within the first 100 12 months of the Qing dynasty, with the nationwide farming land protecting an space of 5,260,000 hectares within the 18th 12 months (1661) of Emperor Shunzhi’s reign, which elevated to eight,510,000 hectares and 17,250,000 hectares within the 61st 12 months (1722) of Emperor Kangxi’s reign and third 12 months (1725) of Yongzheng’s reign respectively. With the output of grains growing 12 months after 12 months, the variety of inhabitants had reached 360,000,000 by the third 12 months (1725) of Yongzheng’s reign, and the high-yielding candy potatoes planted in Fujian and Zhejiang provinces had unfold to the Yangtze River space and the Yellow River space. The planting space for industrial crops had additionally drastically been expanded, together with tea, cottons, sugarcanes, tobaccos and mulberries, most of which turned commodities within the Qing dynasty.

The variety of farmers who specialised in planting greens elevated drastically within the Qing dynasty, a few of whom planted cucumbers and leeks in winter with the assistance of tunnel greenhouses, gaining increasingly more revenue. With the cotton-planting prevailing throughout the nation in Qianlong Interval, the cotton-planting space took up 4/5 of the entire space in Hebei Province, and the sugarcanes have been extensively planted in Guangdong Province and Taiwan, whereas the tobaccos have been extensively cultivated in Shandong Province, Zhili and Shangyu, all of which supplied extra uncooked supplies for additional improvement in handicraft trade.

Some crops imported from South American additionally contributed lots to the growing variety of inhabitants within the Qing dynasty, together with maize, candy potatoes and potatoes, which had begun to develop in China from South America through Southeast Asian International locations because the Ming dynasty. The planting, storing and processing technique of candy potatoes was totally described within the Agriculture Encyclopedia written by Xu Guangqi from the Ming dynasty (1368-1644), which loved a excessive status within the filed of agriculture, and the planting technique of candy potatoes was perfected in Qi Min Si Shu written by Bao Shichen from the Qing dynasty.

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