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Mon. Dec 4th, 2023


Within the wake of the restructuring of the U.S. vehicle business, the U.S. automotive market is now dominated by seven main consolidated automotive firms: Basic Motors, Ford, Chrysler/Fiat, Toyota, Lexus, Hyundai, and Honda. Specifically, because the U.S. manufacturers get well, every is re-imaging itself as power environment friendly by driving down all automotive fashions’ gas consumption and consolidating their variety of dealerships. Within the quest to scale back working prices these sellers are investing in services that match their model’s gas effectivity efforts.

To get an thought of the sort of gas effectivity efforts U.S. auto manufacturers are making, think about Ford’s new EcoBoost engine. Based on Ford, the EcoBoost engine combines superior direct injection know-how and turbo-charging with a gasoline engine. The top result’s an engine that may ship as much as 20 % higher gas financial system, 15 % decrease CO2 emissions, and improved driving efficiency when in comparison with bigger displacement engines.

Automotive sellers are involved in each power environment friendly indoor lighting and power environment friendly outside lot lighting. They’re more and more very comfy with LED lighting know-how as a result of they’ve witnessed it mainstream into vehicle headlight and taillight functions. LED’s at the moment are mainstreaming into vendor showrooms and outside heaps.

The Part 179D EPAct Tax Alternatives

Pursuant to Vitality Coverage Act (EPAct) Part 179D, automotive dealerships making qualifying energy-reducing investments of their new or current areas can receive instant tax deductions of as much as $1.80 per sq. foot.

If the constructing challenge does not qualify for the utmost EPAct $1.80 per sq. foot instant tax deduction, there are tax deductions of as much as $0.60 per sq. foot for every of the three main constructing subsystems: lighting, HVAC (heating, ventilating, and air-con), and the constructing envelope. The constructing envelope is each merchandise on the constructing’s exterior perimeter that touches the skin world together with roof, partitions, insulation, doorways, home windows and basis.

Distinctive 2011 Alternative: Enhanced Bonus Tax Depreciation

Out of doors lot lighting is ordinarily eligible for MACRS depreciation, however constructing homeowners who set up LED lighting methods after September 8, 2010 via December 31, 2011 can take 100% depreciation tax bonus instantly. Even when constructing homeowners miss this 2011 window, they will take pleasure in a 50% tax depreciation bonus on tools positioned in service from January 1, 2011 via December 31, 2012.

Out of doors Lot Lighting

Out of doors lot lighting is lighting that illuminates solely the landscaping or constructing exterior (however not parking areas or walkways) in addition to plant-grow lights, however which doesn’t relate to the operation or upkeep of the constructing. Out of doors lot lighting methods are often pole-mounted or freestanding and serve to light up sidewalks, parking or recreation areas.

For the primary time in U.S. Tax Historical past, based mostly on the bonus depreciation advantages described above, 100% of the price of an outside lighting challenge might be expensed for tax functions.

Seller Facility Restructuring at Ford, Basic Motors and Chrysler

With the entire variety of U.S. dealerships falling from greater than 30,000 to about 18,000, when gross sales volumes get well every dealership will by definition must be a a lot bigger facility able to supporting increased gross sales and repair volumes. There’s an total decline in U.S. automotive gross sales over the past decade and a drop within the variety of automotive dealerships since 1970.

When power environment friendly tax incentives had been first enacted in 2005, international automotive sellers had been financially sturdy and targeted on dominating the marketplace for small, environment friendly vehicles, which meant that it was primarily the international manufacturers that had been making power environment friendly lighting upgrades to their dealership areas and making the most of the EPAct tax financial savings. As an example, Emich Volkswagen of Denver has put in LED lighting all through its new and used automotive dealership. The LED retrofit challenge decreased Emich VW’s lighting power use by almost 80% and the dealership will earn a return on its funding in roughly 18 months based mostly on power financial savings from its LED lighting and conservation rebates provided by Xcel Vitality and the Metropolis and County of Denver.

Due to their restructuring and the market demand for extra environment friendly automobiles since 2008, American automotive manufacturers have adopted their international counterparts’ lead.

Federal Lighting Bans

Dealerships that haven’t upgraded lighting prior to now 5 or extra years usually have inefficient T-12 or metallic halide lighting whose manufacturing or importation is now banned by the federal authorities. Due to this fact, in the end these sellers can be compelled to improve to extra environment friendly lighting like T-5 and T-8 fluorescents, or the brand new extremely environment friendly LED lighting.

LED’s are as much as 4 instances extra power environment friendly than conventional incandescent bulbs, which signifies that their potential to drive down power working prices is twofold: power financial savings and their associated tax financial savings.


Ford has shuttered its long-standing Mercury model. Accordingly, it has opted to consolidate sure Ford and Lincoln dealerships across the nation. Some solely mixed Lincoln-Mercury sellers skilled much less product sales quantity than Ford solely or mixed Ford-Lincoln dealerships. Whereas there are various components that influenced Ford’s determination to chop again on the Mercury model, what’s vital is the impact a decreased variety of manufacturers can have on Ford’s dealership technique going ahead.

Fewer manufacturers in its portfolio, mixed with its bettering monetary scenario, will enable the automaker to focus not solely on product high quality, but additionally on value reductions throughout the board. Ford’s anticipated annual working revenue of about $8 billion can be its finest displaying since a $10.2 billion revenue in 2000, when U.S. business auto gross sales had been 33 % increased. Incomes increased earnings at a decrease gross sales quantity has been one of many keys to the corporate’s technique since Chief Govt Alan Mulally arrived in October 2006. Indications are that that among the required constructing upgrades will vary from $300,000 to $1,500,000 per dealership. Some sellers are balking at these figures, which can lead to extra closures except sellers are receptive to the power and tax financial savings that include extra environment friendly lighting tools. Upgrading to lengthy life power LED lighting is a option to cut back ongoing working and upkeep prices.

Basic Motors

The most important dealership facility discount has been at Basic Motors, which has slimmed itself right down to 4 manufacturers, particularly Cadillac, Chevy, Buick and GM after jettisoning Oldsmobile, Pontiac, Saab, Saturn and Hummer. GM has launched the biggest and most widespread re-imaging plan of the home automotive sellers. They despatched inspectors to research all of their dealerships’ services attributes, together with look, location and total high quality. Many dealerships that had been lucky sufficient to not be terminated at the moment are obligated to make main facility upgrades.


Chrysler has merged with Fiat, giving Fiat a significant U.S. distribution community for its extra fuel-efficient product line. Lately reported vendor information indicated that the typical Chrysler vendor’s pre-tax earnings fell to $150,000 in the course of the financial downturn. Which means that a $15,000 discount in facility power working prices equates to a ten% improve in pre-tax earnings.

Sellers can mix power environment friendly LED lighting with power environment friendly HVAC in each the conditioned (air conditioned) and non-conditioned parts of the services for $1.20 per sq. foot EPAct tax deductions.


The newly configured U.S. vehicle business is turning into increasingly centered on gas effectivity, each for automobiles and the dealership services. By upgrading indoor and outside lot lighting to LED’s, dealerships have the chance to considerably cut back their power bills whereas realizing substantial tax financial savings.

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